Past SROP Scholars

Desmond Adenyi

Desmond Adenyi

Earlham College
Participation year
2013
Mentor
Laura Frey Law
Project title
Head and Neck Strength Assessment
Abstract

The objective of this study is to test neck strength by analyzing the maximum torque that can be produced from the neck. The marines are experiencing neck pain/injury which could possibly be due to the helmets and night vision attachment design. The goal of this study was to create a normative data set of neck muscle strength. Healthy individuals between the ages of 18-45 were collected through the University of Iowa and the surrounding area population. Strength test were performed using a Biodex System 3.0 Isokinetic dynamometer (Biodex Medical Systems, New York).

Alexis Ashby

Alexis Ashby

Virginia Commonwealth
Participation year
2013
Mentor
Kathryn Gerken
Project title
Mental Health Needs for High School Students
Abstract

Mental health is, ""a state of well-being in which the individual realizes his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to his or her community (Center for Disease Control in Prevention, 2011)."" The number of adolescents with a mental health disorder is on the rise. A recent report showed that roughly 1 in 5 children have a diagnosable mental disorder (U.S. National Library of Medicine, 2013).

Jessica Caballero Feliciano

Jessica Caballero Feliciano

University of PR @ Mayaguez
Participation year
2013
Mentor
Daniel Tranel
Project title
Are there Racial Differences in Emotion Processing?
Abstract

Emotions are fundamental factors driving human behavior. Understanding how one's subjective experience of emotion translates to behavior is one of the central goals of cognitive neuroscience. Previous research has revealed differences in the expression and experience of emotions between racial groups. For instance, previous research has shown that African Americans are more emotionally expressive compared to individuals from other racial groups (e.g., Caucasians, Hispanics, and Asians). However, more research is needed to clarify these differences.

Mercedes Cambric

Mercedes Cambric

Spelman College
Participation year
2013
Mentor
Elizabeth Altmaier and Megan Nicpon-Foley
Project title
The Relationship Between Academic Success and Adaptive Functioning Among High Ability Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder
Abstract

The purpose of this study is to assess the relationship between academic success and adaptive functioning among high ability children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Academic success was measured by the Woodcock Johnson Tests of Achievement (3rd Edition) on broad reading, math, written language and oral language scales, and adaptive functioning was measured by the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, 2nd Edition, on communication, socialization and daily living skills scales.

Yanique Conie

Yanique Conie

Delaware State University
Participation year
2013
Mentor
Andrean Simmons
Project title
The Role of IL-1_ in the Efficacy of Erlotinib-based Chemotherapy in Head and Neck Cancer
Abstract

Upregulation of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling is observed in most head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC) which makes it an attractive candidate for molecular targeted therapies. EGFR inhibitors have demonstrated clinical effectiveness in a subset of patients, however, many HNSCC tumors respond poorly to EGFR inhibitors leading to local recurrence and distant metastases. The purpose of this study is to determine if the glycolytic inhibitor 2-Deoxy-Glucose (2DG) enhances response of head and neck squamous cancer (HNSCC) cells to the EGFR inhibitor erlotinib (ERL).

David De La Torre

David De La Torre

California State University @ Los Angeles
Participation year
2013
Mentor
Charles Connerly and Colin Gordon
Project title
Towards Reciprocal City Development: Heterogeneous Communities and Disproportionate Power
Abstract

The idea of consciously re-designing the structures of living spaces has been a recurring yet dynamic practice in the United States. Beginning with the invasive efforts of 19th century social workers and reformers, the application of Urban Redevelopment has been overall deficient at addressing the needs of local areas with respect to heterogeneity.

Rico Duncan

Rico Duncan

University of Maryland at East Shore
Participation year
2013
Mentor
Tina Tootle
Project title
What effect does aspirin dosage have on fascin expression in breast cancer cells?
Abstract

Cancer is the uncontrolled division of abnormal cells in a tissue. According to the American Cancer Society about 1 in 8 women in the United States will develop invasive breast cancer during their lifetime, making breast cancer the most common cancer among American women,except for skin cancers (American Cancer Society, 2013). With growing cases in the United States, cancer prevention may be the best means of reducing breast cancer mortality. One means of preventing breast cancer is daily aspirin treatment.

Brandi Fontenot

Brandi Fontenot

Dillard University
Participation year
2013
Mentor
Todd Kopelmann and Matthew O'Brien
Project title
A Comparison of Reinforcement-and Punishment- Based Treatment for an Adolescent with Disruptive Behavior Maintain by Attention
Abstract

Functional analysis procedures refer to the assessment of behavior using systematic manipulation of environmental events in an attempt to identity the antecedents and consequence that evoke and maintain problem behavior. Functional analysis procedures were conducted in a clinical setting using an analog approximation of the natural environment. In the current study we first conducted a functional analysis to determine whether the type of attention (high-volume/enthusiastic versus low-volume attention) resulted in behavior change.

Jordan Gaither

Jordan Gaither

Grambling University
Participation year
2013
Mentor
Blaine Greteman
Project title
Langston Hughes: The Hip-Hop Connection
Abstract

Meta DuEwa Jones states it best in his article on hip hop entitled “HIP_HOP NOW: An Introduction” published by John Hopkins University Press “In order to do competent and compelling hip_hop scholarship, one must be present and active in the places where hip_hop happens.” In an interview that Jones with Dr. Michael Eric Dyson, explains how rap artist such as Tupac, Nas, and Jay-Z are “rhetoricians” whose linguistic skills are essentially overlooked based upon the morality of how rap is displayed.

Shannon Grumbly

Shannon Grumbly

Penn State University
Participation year
2013
Mentor
Eric Tate
Project title
Mapping social vulnerability to flooding: a case study of Iowa
Abstract

Disaster vulnerability is typically assessed in physical and economic terms, with social dimensions largely ignored. However, there has been growing demand among disaster planners and stakeholders to incorporate social vulnerability, which measures the sensitivity of population groups to hazard impacts. The dominant approaches for measuring social vulnerability generalize it across all environmental hazards, but there also is a need for hazard-specific indicators.

Jose Guadarrama

Jose Guadarrama

University of California at Merced
Participation year
2013
Mentor
Albert Ratner
Project title
Simulation of Producer Gas Composition in a Pilot-Scale Gasifier with an Equilibrium Model
Abstract

Renewable energy and alternative fuels have become key areas of interest as a result of depleting fossil fuels. Among these is gasification of biomass; a process that converts biomass material into a rich fuel. Gasification relies on thermochemical principles, which break down the biomass into its basic constituents: producer gas, ash and tar. The presented study focuses on gas composition through a comparison between a mathematical simulation and experimental results.

Jose Guizar Barajas

Jose Guizar Barajas

Yakima Valley Community College
Participation year
2013
Mentor
Tonya Peeples
Project title
Growing Pseudomonas sp. Strain ADP Biofilm in an Atrazine Enriched Environment
Abstract

Microbial biofilms are significant in a variety of settings including the human microbiome, infectious disease, industrial processes, and environmental remediation. Due to the ubiquitous nature of biofilms, there is a great interest in understanding cellular activities within the biofilm matrix. Within a biofilm cells are able to better withstand environmental stress, experience increased horizontal gene transfer, and live longer. The purpose of this research is to grow pseudomonas sp.

Joshua Hill

Joshua Hill

University of Iowa
Participation year
2013
Mentor
Stewart Ehly
Project title
Is weight-based teasing interpreted differently across racial and ethnic groups?
Abstract

The Centers for Disease Control and other leading public health organizations have declared adolescent obesity a growing epidemic in the United States. Rising adolescent obesity rates coincide with the growing epidemic of stigmatization and teasing based on weight and size among adolescents. Several studies on weight-based teasing have found slight differences in reporting rates across racial and ethnic groups.

JaQuarius Payne

JaQuarius Payne

Georgia Southwestern
Participation year
2013
Mentor
Thomas Farmer
Project title
Word-Form Typicality Effects in Predictive Contexts
Abstract

Recent research about the common belief that sound patterns of words and their meanings are only arbitrarily related has been put to the test. The study we performed on participants was a self-paced reading of sentences appearing one word at a time to test the relationship between (sound patterns and word meaning. Participants used the space bar to advance through the sentences. The primary words of interest were classified as either “nouny nouns” or “verby nouns” embedded in noun-biased contexts.

Christine Perez Rosa

Christine Perez Rosa

University of PR @ Mayaguez
Participation year
2013
Mentor
Stewart Ehly
Project title
The Relationship between Academic Achievement and Substance Abuse
Abstract

The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationships between substance abuse and academic achievement of adolescents in the United States. Previous literature has shown that adolescence is a period of increased substance use (Johnston, O’Malley, Bachman, et al., 2011) and that individuals who use substances describe themselves as poor academic achievers (Bergen, H.A., 2005). Data from epidemiological surveys highlight the tendency of adolescents to ignore the negative risks associated with underage drug use (Johnston et al., 2008).

Jasmine Porter

Jasmine Porter

University of Iowa
Participation year
2013
Mentor
Motier Haskins
Project title
Becoming culturally competent
Abstract

The world becomes more diverse from day to day. One problem that currently presents itself is educating people on cultural differences and diversity. The purpose of this study was to examine a training session conducted by the NCBI to improve a Residential Assistant’s knowledge, skills, and awareness of cultural competency. The training session discussed and examined a variety of topics such as internalized oppression, externalized oppression and effectively communicating with people of other backgrounds. The Resident Assistants were from the University of Iowa.

Nicole Pulliam

Nicole Pulliam

University of Maryland at Baltimore County
Participation year
2013
Mentor
Steven Green
Project title
Increased presence of cells of the immune system in the spiral ganglion during spiral ganglion neuron (SGN) death post-deafening
Abstract

Hair cells (HCs) are the sole afferent input to SGNs. Following HC death due to aminoglycoside exposure from postnatal day 8 (P8) to P16, rat SGNs degenerate and die over a period of ~3 months (Alam et al., 2007). The reason for SGN death is not clear. Possibly, SGN death is an indirect outcome of HC loss, due to degenerative changes in the cochlea initiated by HC loss. We used immunofluorescent labeling to verify changes in the spiral ganglion (SG), as identified by gene expression profiling, during the SGN death period and gain insight into why SGNs die.

Kenneth Rankins

Kenneth Rankins

McDaniel College
Participation year
2013
Mentor
Jerry Anthony
Project title
Housing affordability and residential segregation in the 100 largest MSAs
Abstract

This study looks at whether increases in the housing affordability decreases residential segregation in the top 100 MSAs or Metropolitan Statistical Area. Housing affordability means that a family spends 30% or less of their income on housing costs. Housing affordability in the MSAs was measured by using the percentage of households in each MSA that was cost-burdened. Cost-burdened households are those that pay over 30% of their income on housing.

Edris Rivera

Edris Rivera

Virginia Commonwealth
Participation year
2013
Mentor
Sarah Larsen
Project title
Electrospun iron(III) oxide nanofibers for application to arsenic removal in wastewater
Abstract

The electrospun iron(III) oxide nanofibers from Proffesor Cwiertny’s lab will be a critical component to the joint effort of arsenic (As3+) adsorption in Professor Larsen’s lab. Iron(III) oxide nanofibers are synthesized within the Cwiertny lab via electrospinner. The process requires a sol-gel to pump through a needle with applied voltage in order to create a jet that forms the fibers from the sol-gel. Surface area of both parent material (iron(III) oxide nanofibers) and silica coated nanofibers (ESFe2O3) will be measured using BET in order to compare initial and final product.

Justin Roberson

Justin Roberson

University of Iowa
Participation year
2013
Mentor
Malik Henfield
Project title
Black female middle school students’ perceptions of racial microaggressions: a qualitative study
Abstract

Previous research has found that African Americans continue to experience explicit forms of racism in their daily lives. In addition, it has also been determined that black males have been subjected to extreme prejudices due to sub-conscience racially biased attitudes held by members of other races. However, very little research has explored subtle racism amongst black students in K-12 educational settings. This qualitative study explored the interactions of black female middle school students and their perceptions of experiences with racial microaggressions.

Elaine Rodriguez

Elaine Rodriguez

Northern Illinois University
Participation year
2013
Mentor
Laura Frey Law
Project title
The Association between Exercise Barriers and Motives to Exercise
Abstract

The objective of this survey study was to identify exercise barriers that are most strongly associated with motives to exercise to develop health promotion intervention strategies. Physical Inactivity is a major problem that has been associated with chronic diseases such as obesity, diabetes, and cancer. Research suggests that low levels of physical activity leads to a greater risk of a heart attack or stroke to occur than smoking, obesity, hypertension, or high cholesterol levels (Blair, 2009).

James Stewart

James Stewart

University of Maryland at Baltimore County
Participation year
2013
Mentor
Anne Kwitek
Project title
Genetic regulation of PRCP gene expression in a rat model of Metabolic Syndrome
Abstract

The Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) is a multi-faceted disease that is prevalent in an estimated 25% of the United States population. MetS presents itself as a chain of disorders encompassing obesity, dyslipidemia, hypertension, and insulin resistance, which collectively increase an individual’s risk for cardiovascular disease and diabetes. PRCP (angiotensinase C) is a protein coding gene that we have identified as having a possible causal relationship to MetS.

Destinie Thompson

Destinie Thompson

California State University @ Dominguez Hills
Participation year
2013
Mentor
Vanessa Simonds
Project title
"Usability, readability, and diversity assessment of internet-based information related to anxiety"
Abstract

Health literacy is a complex set of skills that allow individuals to obtain, understand and act on health information and services. In addition, health literacy is an interaction between an individual’s skills and the demand that are placed upon them. Health Information on the internet is often written at high literacy levels above the skills of the average person. The purpose of our study is to determine the usability, readability, and audience targeting of three popular websites designed to provide information about anxiety.

Duyen Trang

Duyen Trang

San Diego State University
Participation year
2013
Mentor
Stewart Ehly
Project title
Racial/Ethnic Differences in Reported Feelings of Adolescent Depression
Abstract

Depression in adolescents has been strongly associated with enduring behavioral and health effects (Kashani et al., 1987). Depressive symptoms experienced by children and adolescents are not reported uniformly across different racial/ethnic groups. Specifically, there is a strong indication that Hispanics and American Indians report higher rates of depression and anxiety than other populations (McLaughlin et al., 2007; Saluja et al., 2004). However, previous studies are still limited by ethnic and age representations within the sample.

A. Ayanna Wade

A. Ayanna Wade

Augustana College
Participation year
2013
Mentor
Daniel Tranel
Project title
Increased Memory Vividness in Music-Evoked Autobiographical Memories
Abstract

There has been a long history of anecdotal evidence that music is strongly connected to emotional, vivid autobiographical memories. Despite the widespread popularity of this belief, there has been little experimental evidence to support this claim. Clinically, it has been shown that music benefits autobiographical memory retrieval in patients with memory disorders, such as Alzheimer’s disease. However, it is unknown whether music is a better memory-inducing stimulus than other stimuli.